Cialis ® (tadalafil) and Cialis One Day ®

Cialis : oral treatment for male impotence and erectile dysfunction

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What is Cialis ®  (tadalafil)?

Cialis ®  is in a class of medications known as PDE-5 inhibitors, which are used to treat male impotence.

How well does Cialis ® (tadalafil) work?

Cialis ®  test results showed that out of 700 participants, at least 88% of men experienced improvement with their erections and were able to acheive erections from 12-24 hours after they take Cialis ® .

Tadalafil is a PDE5 inhibitor. It is currently marketed in pill form for treating erectile dysfunction (ED) but has been used for other conditions.

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It initially was developed by the biotechnology company ICOS, and then again developed and marketed world-wide as Cialis ® , by Lilly ICOS, LLC, the joint venture of ICOS Corporation and Eli Lilly and Company.

Cialis ®  tablets, in 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg doses, are yellow, film-coated, and almond-shaped.

In December 2003, the Food and Drug Administration approved tadalafil (as Cialis ®  for sale in the U.S. as the third ED prescription drug pill after sildenafil (Viagra) and vardenafil (Levitra).

In April 2012 Avanafil (Stendra) is available also.

Cialis ® 's 36-hour effectiveness earned it the nickname, "The Weekend Pill"; like sildenafil and vardenafil, tadalafil is recommended as an 'as needed' medication.

Cialis ®  is the only one of the three that is also offered as a once daily medication.

Moreover, besides ED, tadalafil for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension is currently under regulatory review in multiple regions.

In late November 2008, Eli Lilly sold the exclusive rights to commercialize tadalafil for pulmonary arterial hypertension in the United States to United Therapeutics for an upfront payment of $150 million.

Tadalafil, sildenafil, and vardenafil all act by inhibiting the PDE5 enzyme. These drugs also inhibit other PDE enzymes.

Sildenafil and vardenafil inhibit PDE6, an enzyme found in the eye, more than tadalafil.

Some sildenafil users see a bluish tinge and have a heightened sensitivity to light because of PDE6 inhibition.

Sildenafil and vardenafil also inhibit PDE1 more than tadalafil.

PDE1 is found in the brain, heart, and vascular smooth muscle.

It is thought that the inhibition of PDE1 by sildenafil and vardenafil leads to vasodilation, flushing, and tachycardia.

Tadalafil inhibits PDE11 more than sildenafil or vardenafil.

PDE11 is expressed in skeletal muscle, the prostate, the liver, the kidney, the pituitary gland, and the testes.

The effects on the body of inhibiting PDE11 are not known.

Tadalis SX scatola boxHow does Cialis ®  (tadalafil) work?

Cialis CompressaCialis ® acts in the same way as Viagra, by blocking an enzyme called phosphodiesterase-5, or PDE-5. This helps the smooth muscles in the penis relax and widen, which allows for more blood to enter. As a result, you gain erections faster and easier with Cialis ® .

What's the normal Cialis ®  (tadalafil) dose?
In Cialis ®  clinical testing most men were administered one 10 mg Cialis ®  or 20 mg Cialis ®  tablet per day.

Are there any side effects with Cialis ®  (tadalafil)?
The most common side effects reported with Cialis ®  in the study were headache, myalgia (muscle pain), dyspepsia (upset stomach following meals) and back pain. The severities of these Cialis ®  side effects were minimized with lower doses of Cialis ® .


Although sildenafil (Viagra), vardenafil (Levitra), and tadalafil (Cialis ®  all work by inhibiting PDE5, tadalafil's pharmacologic distinction is its longer half-life (17.50 hours) — compared to Viagra (4.0–5.0 hours) and Levitra (4.0–5.0 hours) — resulting in longer duration of action, and so partly responsible for "The Weekend Pill" sobriquet.

Furthermore, the longer half-life is the basis for current investigation of tadalafil's daily therapeutic use in relieving pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Currently, sildenafil (trade name Revatio) is approved in several world regions as a thrice-daily therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Penile erection during sexual stimulation is caused by increased penile blood flow resulting from the relaxation of penile arteries and the smooth muscle of the corpus cavernosum.

This response is mediated by the release of nitric oxide (NO) from nerve terminals and endothelial cells, which stimulates the synthesis of cGMP in smooth muscle cells. Cyclic GMP relaxes smooth muscle and increases blood flow to the corpus cavernosum.

The inhibition of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) enhances erectile function by increasing the amount of cGMP.

Tadalafil (and sildenafil and vardenafil) inhibits PDE5, however, because sexual stimulation is required to initiate the local penile release of nitric oxide, tadalafil's inhibition of PDE5 will have no effect without direct sexual stimulation of the penis.

The recommended Cialis ®  starting dose for most men is 10 mg, taken as needed before sexual activity (but not more than once daily).

The dose may be increased to 20 mg or decreased to 5mg, per its efficacy and the man's personal tolerance of the drug.

To avoid the inconvenience of a man having to program and plan using Cialis ®  around the time of his anticipated sexual activity, Lilly ICOS began a clinical development program to evaluate the risks and benefits of chronic, once-daily use of the drug.

In June 2007, the European Commission approved low-dose (2.5 mg and 5 mg) Cialis ®  to be used as single-daily ED therapy.

Moreover, Lilly has completed their pivotal clinical trials of tadalafil for treating pulmonary arterial hypertension, and submission of data to regulatory agencies for marketing approval in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Japan and the European Union began in late 2008.

In some patients, there exists an imbalance of the PDE5/NO system in the pulmonary vasculature that favours selective vasoconstriction of the pulmonary arteries.

Investigation of tadalafil in this disease presumes that inhibiting PDE5 will effect pulmonary artery vasodilation, thus lowering pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance.

These physiologic changes may then reduce the workload of the heart's right ventricle.

Right heart failure and pulmonary oedema are the principal consequences of pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Data presented at scientific conferences in October 2008 suggest that tadalafil 40 mg once daily is the most effective dose from the Phase 3 tadalafil clinical trial of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

The FDA's approval of Viagra on 27 March 1998 was a ground-breaking commercial event for the treatment of ED, with sales exceeding one billion dollars.

Subsequently, the FDA approved Levitra (vardenafil) on 19 August 2003, and Cialis ®  (tadalafil) on 21 November 2003.


Cialis ®  was discovered by Glaxo Wellcome (GlaxoSmithKline) under a partnership between Glaxo and ICOS to develop new drugs that began in August 1991.

In 1993, the Bothell, Washington, biotechnology company ICOS Corporation began studying compound IC351, a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) enzyme inhibitor.

In 1994, Pfizer scientists discovered that sildenafil citrate, which also inhibits the PDE5 enzyme, caused penile erection in men participating in a clinical study of a heart medicine.

Although ICOS scientists were not testing compound IC351 for treating ED, they recognized its potential usefulness for treating said disorder.

Soon, in 1994, ICOS received a patent for compound IC351 (structurally unlike sildenafil and vardenafil), and Phase 1 clinical trials began in 1995. In 1997, the Phase 2 clinical studies were initiated for men experiencing ED, then progressed to the Phase 3 trials that supported the drug's FDA approval.

Although Glaxo had an agreement with ICOS to share profits 50/50 for drugs resulting from the partnership, Glaxo let the agreement lapse in 1996 as the drugs developed were not in the company's core markets.

In 1998, ICOS Corporation and Eli Lilly and Company formed the Lilly ICOS, LLC, joint venture company to further develop and commercialize tadalafil as a treatment for ED.

Two years later, Lilly ICOS, LLC, filed a New Drug Application with the FDA for compound IC351 (under the tadalafil generic name, and the Cialis ®  brand name).

In May 2002, Lilly ICOS reported to the American Urological Association that clinical trial testing demonstrated that tadalafil was effective for up to 36 hours, and one year later, the FDA approved tadalafil. One advantage Cialis ®  has over Viagra and Levitra is its 17.5-hour half-life (thus Cialis ®  is advertised to work for up to 36 hours, after which time there remains approximately 25 percent of the absorbed dose in the body) when compared to the four hour half–life of sildenafil (Viagra).

In 2007, Eli Lilly and Company bought the ICOS Corporation for 2.3 billion dollars.

As a result, Eli Lilly owned Cialis ®  and then closed the ICOS operations, ending the joint venture and firing most of ICOS's approximately 500 employees, except for 127 employees of the ICOS biologics facility, which subsequently was bought by CMC Biopharmaceuticals A/S(CMC).

Persons surnamed "Cialis ® " objected to Eli Lilly and Company's so naming the drug, but the company has maintained that the drug's trade name is unrelated to the surname.

Formula chimica Cialis


Name                Dosage                  Time before it starts to act               How to take                                             Fatty food/alcohol             Effect lasts
Viagra 50mg, 100mg 1 hour take with a glass of water no 3-4 hours
Viagra Soft 50mg, 100mg 15 - 20 minutes put under the tongue till it dissolves yes 6 hours
Cialis ® 20mg 30 minutes take with a glass of water no 36 hours
Cialis ®  Soft 20mg 15 - 20 minutes put under the tongue till it dissolves yes 24 - 36 hours
Levitra 20mg 10 minutes - 1 hour take with a glass of water no 12 hours


Since PDE5 inhibitors such as tadalafil may cause transiently low blood pressure (hypotension), organic nitrates should not be taken for at least 48 hours after taking the last dose of tadalafil.

Using organic nitrites (such as the sex drug amyl nitrite) within this timeframe may increase the risk of life-threatening hypotension.

Since people who have taken tadalafil within the past 48 hours cannot take organic nitrates to relieve angina (such as glyceryl trinitrate spray), these patients should seek immediate medical attention if they experience anginal chest pain.

In the event of a medical emergency, paramedics and medical personnel should be notified of any recent doses of tadalafil.


Tadalafil has been used in approximately 15,000 men participating in clinical trials, and over 8 million men worldwide (primarily in the post-approval/post-marketing setting).

The most common side effects when using tadalafil are headache, indigestion, back pain, muscle aches, flushing, and stuffy or runny nose.

These side effects reflect the ability of PDE5 inhibition to vasodilate (cause blood vessels to widen) and usually go away after a few hours.

Back pain and muscle aches can occur 12 to 24 hours after taking the drug, and the symptom usually disappears after 48 hours.

In May 2005, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration found that tadalafil (along with other PDE5 inhibitors) was associated with vision impairment related to NAION (non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy) in certain patients taking these drugs in the post-marketing (outside of clinical trials) setting.

Most, but not all, of these patients had underlying anatomic or vascular risk factors for development of NAION unrelated to PDE5 use, including: low cup to disc ratio (“crowded disc”), age over 50, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia and smoking.

Given the small number of NAION events with PDE5 use (less than 1 in 1 million), the large number of users of PDE5 inhibitors (millions) and the fact that this event occurs in a similar population to those who do not take these medicines, the FDA concluded that they were not able to draw a cause and effect relationship, given these patients underlying vascular risk factors or anatomical defects.

However, the label of all three PDE5 inhibitors was changed to alert clinicians to a possible association.

In October 2007, the FDA announced that the labeling for all PDE5 inhibitors, including tadalafil, requires a more prominent warning of the potential risk of sudden hearing loss as the result of postmarketing reports of deafness associated with use of PDE5 inhibitors.



Cialis Once-a-Day ®, also known as Cialis Daily ® is the most recent and innovative treatment for erection problems.

It is the only prescription medication currently available which is designed to be a regular treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED).

Cialis Once-a-Day ® will help you to get and keep erections whenever you want, without having to worry about taking a pill just before sex.

Cialis Once-a-Day ® is taken on a daily basis, like other medicines, and allows you to have fuller and longer lasting erections on a regular basis.

Because it is taken on a daily basis, Cialis Once-a-Day ® comes in much lower doses (2.5mg and 5mg) than other ED treatments – this means greatly reduced chances of experiencing side effects.

The lower doses also mean that it can be taken by men who suffer from other medical conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

You shouldn’t have to plan your sex life, and with Cialis Once-a-Day you don’t have to – when the moment comes, you’ll be ready.

One tablet of Cialis Daily should be taken once every day with water.

It can be taken at any time of the day, with or without food, but it is recommended that you take your daily dose at approximately the same time of day.

Cialis Once-a-Day may take up to 4 or 5 days to start working for you, after which you will be able to achieve and maintain stronger erections whenever you want, for as long as you continue treatment.

As with all other treatments, this will only help you to get an erection when you want one – you need not worry about uncontrollable erections.


You have to consult your doctor before the beginning of any treatment program


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Richards, Rhonda (September 17, 1991). "ICOS At A Crest On Roller Coaster". USA Today: p. 3B. 
Ervin, Keith (June 21, 1998). "Deep Pockets + Intense Research + Total Control = The Formula -- Bothell Biotech Icos Keeps The Pipeline Full Of Promise". The Seattle Times: p. F1. Retrieved on January 10, 2009. 
"Sildenafil: Pharmaco-Cinétique". BIAM. April 20, 2001. Retrieved on 2007-04-06. 
Revill, Jo (February 2, 2003). "Drugs giant says its new pill will pack more punch than rival Viagra". The Observer.,12550,887478,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-06. 
"FDA Announces Revisions to Labels for Cialis ® , Levitra and Viagra". Food and Drug Administration. 2007-10-18. Retrieved on 2007-12-08. 
"Cialis ® : Warnings, Precautions, Pregnancy, Nursing, Abuse". RxList. 2007. ® _wcp.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-06. 
Bischoff, E (June 2004). "Potency, selectivity, and consequences of nonselectivity of PDE inhibition". International Journal of Impotence Research 16: S11-4. 10.1038/sj.ijir.3901208. PMID 15224129. Retrieved on January 19, 2009. 
Elliott, Stuart (January 10, 2006). "For Impotence Drugs, Less Wink-Wink". The New York Times: p. C2. Retrieved on January 15, 2009. 
Elliott, Stuart (April 25, 2004). "Viagra and the Battle of the Awkward Ads". The New York Times: p. 1. Retrieved on January 15, 2009. 
McCarthy, Shawn (March 5, 2005). "First they tried to play it safe; Ads for erectile dysfunction drug Cialis ®  bared all - including a scary potential side effect. It was risky but it has paid off". The Globe and Mail: p. B4. 
Loyd, Linda (July 6, 2003). "Two Pills Look to Topple Viagra's Reign in Market; Levitra Expects Approval Next Month, Cialis ®  Later This Year". The Philadelphia Inquirer: p. E01. 

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