A minoxidil-related compound lacking a C6 substitution still exhibits strong anti-lysyl hydroxylase activity in vitro.
Mahé YF; Buan B; Bernard BA
Hair Biology Research Group, LOréal, Centre de Recherche C.Zviak, Clichy, France.
Skin Pharmacol, 9(3):177-83 1996
It has been previously reported that minoxidil inhibits the activity of lysyl hydroxylase (LH), an enzyme which catalyzes the formation of hydroxylysine, which is necessary for proper maturation of collagen at the transcriptional and enzymatic levels. Using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we confirmed that this inhibition occurred at least at the transcriptional level. Furthermore, we took advantage of this sensitive and rapid method to perform a quantitative structure activity relation study using several compounds structurally related to minoxidil. We found that when the C6 of the pyrimidinyl moiety was substituted, it had to be by a tertiary nitrogen, i.e. an N-piperidin ring for the inhibition of LH mRNA synthesis to be observed. Surprisingly, however, we found that 2,4-diamino-pyrimidin-3-oxide, a new compound lacking an organic moiety para to the nitroxide oxygen, also retained a high inhibitory effect on LH mRNA expression, comparable to that of minoxidil. We thus conclude that the presence of a substituent para to the nitroxide oxygen is dispensable for inhibition of LH mRNA to be observed in vitro. This brings new insights into the design of therapeutic agents useful in any condition where an overproduction of mature collagen is unwanted, i.e. accelerated wound healing, keloids and localized scleroderma.
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